Monday, August 14, 2006

TONGUES Thesis: Part 7

..............and speak what Jesus told him to speak. Also, notice that in verse 13, the comforter is referred to as the Spirit of Truth. Is this Spirit different than the Spirit of Christ spoken of in Romans 8:9? Jesus said, "I am the way, the Truth and the life, no man comes to the Father except through me." (John 14:6)

So, you can have the Spirit of Christ, and not the Holy Spirit, or vice versa? No! If you have one, you have the other. Notice that Jesus was addressing the apostles here, and He told them that the comforter would teach them and in vs. 13, Jesus said concerning the Holy Spirit that "He will show you things to come." Therefore, as 2 Timothy 3:16 verifies, it was the Holy Spirit who inspired the apostles to write the New Testament by showing them things to come as well as reminding them of the things which had already happened.

Then, after Jesus was resurrected from the grave, He again promised his disciples His Holy Spirit. (John 20:22). We must proceed at this point to Acts 1:4,5 where Jesus is instructing His disciples; "And being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith He ye have heard of me. For John truly baptised with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence. But, ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria and unto the uttermost part of the earth." (Acts 1:4,5,8). Notice Jesus was talking to the apostles who had been witnesses of the past deeds of Jesus. This is important to remember because He refers to them (the apostles) as with power etc.

Then in Acts 2:1,2,3,4 the actual event of the Holy Spirit filling was fulfilled exactly 50 days after the Passover feast, right on God's scheduled time table! It is interesting to note that in Acts 1:13,14 it states the twelve apostles who had witnessed the resurrection and ascension of Jesus (vs. 22) were in the upper room.) They were the ones Jesus told to go to Jerusalem to wait for the promise of the Father, which was the power of the Holy Ghost. The Greek word for "power" taken from Acts 1:8 is "DUNAMIS" which means, miracle working ability of the Holy Spirit. The word "dynamite" and "dynamo" comes from that Greek word. The power was to give them energetic ability to do the works of God! Luke states in Acts 1:15 that there were approximately 120 total in that room when the Holy Spirit filled them, but it cannot be proven from the context of the event that all 120 spoke in tongues!

Many scholars view only the 12 apostles actually speaking in tongues, because it was they who were promised the power. I can agree with this thought, because it was they who were chosen to propagate the gospel of the new dispensation of the church age to Gentiles, as well as Jews, and tongues, which was to be the sign to the unbelieving Jew would prove the authenticity that it was God speaking again to them through the apostles! These tongues were genuine languages understood by all the different Jews who had come to celebrate passover at Jerusalem. The event is fully described in Acts 2:1-13. It should be noted that in vs.2, the sound as mighty rushing wind, and in vs.3, the cloven tongues like as of fire which sat on each of them were signs which were not again repeated, such as tongues were in later events, as we will examine.

Also, notice the phenomenon was as wind, and like fire, not the real substance, so that fire cannot be used to claim the fullfillment of Matthew 3:11 where John said Jesus would baptize with the Holy Ghost and with fire, as we have discussed before. That fire is to be the everlasting fire of judgement, and only the wicked will receive that fire baptism!

There is another important thing to note from Acts 2:4 about the method of speaking with tongues then as compared with how Pentecostals teach their doctrine now. It states in Acts 2:4, "And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance." From this, it should be noted (a) the "they" referred to as being all filled were the same they' as were promised the power of the Holy Ghost by Jesus, and from Acts 1:21-26, this is made plain, and even stated that Judas had been replaced by the new apostle Matthias.

It would be hard to prove by the surrounding context exegetically that the entire company of the people in that room were filled! (b) They were first filled with the Holy Ghost before they spoke in tongues. With the "tongues as the initial physical evidence doctrine being taught by Pentecostals, the candidate for the filling of the Holy Spirit has to speak in- tongues first in order to know he has the Holy Ghost! This is just not sound teaching, because from vs.3, they first received the filling of the Holy Ghost, then they began to speak with other tongues, of which the Spirit gave utterance! (c) Notice these tongues were not "unknown", but were other tongues than their own languages!

At this point, it would be helpful to examine the source of this word "tongues" from the original Greek The statement in Acts 2:4 "they began to speak with other tongues " This is an important term. In that verse, the Greek for "other tongues" is "Heterais Glossais". Glossa can mean the tongue as the physical organ of the body and thus refers to the speech produced by the organ; thus, glossa becomes a language. (Acts 2:11), states, "we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God! And there was more than one understood languages, 12 which each one heard! We know it was Jews who understood the languages." Acts 2:5,6 states, "and there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven. Now, when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because every man (which was an unbelieving Jew) heard them (the apostles) speak in his own language." From the context of Acts 2:9-11, there were actually over a dozen different actual languages spoken that day! However, Acts 2:4 couples "glossa" (languages) with heterais" (other), which makes a generic distinction.The language they each spoke when filled with the Holy Ghost was different from their native tongue, but was still a human language. The Greek word for "heteras" indicates that each language spoken was different so the Jews at Jerusalem who had come from all over might understand the Gospel clearly.

It should also be noted that the "heterais glossais" were spoken (lalein). "Laleo"; to speak, is an occassion translated, "to say", so they spoke in languages other than their own, the "wonderful works of God" (Acts 1:11).

Then, Luke gets more specific in Acts 2:6,8 using another Greek word language and tongue, which is "dialektos", which occurs six times in Acts, and each time referring to a definite dialect or language. Therefore, the sense of a known tongue in Acts 2:4 is made definite by the description of the phenomenon as a speaking in dialektos in verses 6 and 8.

It should also be noted that not all who were witnesses to the event were Jews! Therefore, when they heard all the different languages spoken, they did not understand


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